There are four ways in which a person may be released from custody: You can use bondsmen; this means that you will pay a fee and may need to use some form of collateral. You can post cash for the full amount of the bond with the court jail. You can use real property (such as home) with the court. Lastly, the judge can decide to let the defendant to go on there own recognizance.
Collateral is some property placed within the bondsman's legal control, which may be sold in the next court proceeding. The bondsman can then sell the property to cover the amount paid to post the bail. Essentially, collateral is a way of insuring the defendant will go back to court and complete his/her obligation to the court.
You do not get your premium back that you paid to the bonding office. This fee is what allowed the defendant to get out of jail and is fully earned once the defendant gets rearrested a week later, you get neither portion nor a refund of any money.
You will have to get permission from the bonding office in writing before attempting to do so. If the court has given you direct instructions not to leave the state or country you must then get permission from and the bondsmen and the court before leaving. Otherwise you are subject to arrest!
When the defendant misses a court apperance, a bench warrant is issued for the persons arrest. the defendant's name is then entered into a national wide area base (NCIC) as a fugitive. The defendants Bail Agency is obligated by law to arrest the individual as well. This will cause the bondsmen to incur further costs.
State guidelines provide a set rate being no more than 15%. Some bondsmen are licensed to write at a reduce rate. There are certain criteria for a lesser rate and is permitted on a case by case basis.
The co-signer is no longer liable for the defendants bond when he/she completes all of their court appearences and all premiums have been paid. It is best to contact the agent when the bond is exonerated by the court. This allows the fast return of any collateral pleged and also confirms that the bond is exonerated. In the event of forfeiture, the bondsmen is liable until the full amount of the bail has been paid, plus any expenses incurred until the court exonerates the bond, which then becomes void.